A couple of characters in The Stolen land have been building an agricultural rural stronghold – which started me thinking. While very little of this is new, I have spent some time pulling things together, and tweaking them slightly. Expect posts on Hamlets, Villages and the Urban Hinterland at some point 🙂
A single small holding, some distance from the nearest settlement is known as a thorp. However, they are also the main type of housing found in hamlets and villages, and the most common housing in the hinterlands of towns and cities, as well. Most of the population are small scale, subsistence, farmers and labourers.
A smallholding is the smallest unit of Country Living, which produces enough for basic living, and is often a home for one extended family of, perhaps, 10-12 people. A smallholding is often a single room dwellings, perhaps with curtains or screens for privacy that serves as a living room, work room and kitchen – with cooking over a fire (perhaps in a fireplace). Building materials depend on the environment – wattle and daub, sod/earth, logs – or a combination. There will be a few simple outbuildings, mainly sheds of some type, for tools, storage and animals.
Smallholders use hand tools to cultivate small plots of land, where they grow common food plants, and generally have a couple of goats and a few chickens to provide milk, eggs and (occasionally) meat. There is often a small herb and fruit garden, growing crab apples, green plums and blackberries as well. A well-established smallholder will have a few more goats, grow different varieties of fruit and may even have a donkey as a pack animal.
Foraging and small game hunting supplement this diet. Game birds and rabbits might be taken with a sling, fish can be taken with a net and wild foods can be collected locally. Occasionally a smallholder might have (and be proficient with) a light cross bow, and use that to hunt larger game
Many smallholders also have craft skills, although only at skill +4 or +5, which supplement their income. They can often make a few coins by making baskets or simple furniture – or even shoeing horses. These items are either bartered locally, or sold in a local market to make a few coins.
There is always work available in hamlets, villages and urban settings. Much of it is casual or seasonal work, and there is never enough to go around – but it pays in coins, and they can be used to pay taxes of buy the few items that they can’t make for themselves. If nothing else, there is often work available maintaining roads, bridges and other infrastructure – the local lord might pay in coins, but will probably take labour in lieu of taxes.
Smallholders work hard and might not be rich – but they are self-sufficient. Generally, they can feed themselves, clothe themselves and have a roof over their heads. There might not be much in the way of luxury, and what they have is often basic, but they stay dry, warm and fed – for most of the year.
Gurford is a smallholding situated at one of the few crossing places on the Gur River. It consists of three dwelling huts, a work hut and a storage hut. At night the compound is guarded by two large dogs.
There are a few ‘gardened’ areas around the village – a well tended and maintained radish and cabbage beds as well as wolfberry and cloudberry patches.
They make a few coins selling leather and reed baskets.
1 Arvon Fisher is a fisherman! He travels in a coracle – uses a net to take shoals of the small fish known as silver grunters, traps for eels and uses rod and line to fish for trout, pike and other larger fish. The eels are normally smoked to serve as winter rations, while grunters are pickled in their own juices. Old Arvon is a bit of a loner, he loves being on the water and will happily spend all day alone in his boat. Since his wife died, a couple of years ago, his daughter (Mila) runs the holding.
2 The Tanners are a young couple and who have a son called Tigan (14). Ramo Tanner smokes the eels, pickles the grunters and plucks the game, as well as curing hides and skins. Mila Tanner (Arven’s younger daughter) cooks meals for the family, brews hooch and small beer, preserves the fruit, and patches clothes when needed. She also oversees the gardening and basketwork. Tig looks after the goats and helps out with the gardening.
3 Work Hut. Is really just an open hut that is used as a work space by the family, mainly Ramo. It is generally filled with food and hide that is being preserved one way or another – smoked eels, pickled grunters, or skins that being cured.
4 Storage, is another empty hut that is used to as a place to store provisions against the winter, however, it can serve as a second working area as well. Depending on the season, there may be a barrel of pickles radishes, salted cabbage, a basket of dried cloudberries, an urn of wolfberry hooch and root vegetables ready for winter.
5 Besh Hunter is a Male half-orc trapper who married Arven’s older daughter – she died in child birth many years ago. Besh works the local river banks, mainly for eels and small game, but also brings back reeds for basket making, sale and building maintenance. His two daughters, Snaga(14) and Ush(15), tend the fruit and vegetable patches – although they sometimes go out on trips with Besh. The Hunters have two large dogs, one of which stays with each of the girls during the day and guard the compound overnight.